The ONE organ responsible for high blood pressure.
Hypertension and Diabetes
The link between diabetes and hypertension
High blood pressure, or hypertension, often occurs alongside diabetes and obesity. Together, these conditions fall under the umbrella of metabolic syndrome. People with metabolic syndrome are at an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases.
Identifying hypertension and diabetesSome relatively simple tests are available to help a person identify whether they have diabetes or hypertension.
Identifying hypertensionThe American Heart Association (AHA)Trusted Source states that most people who have hypertension do not experience any symptoms. People usually discover that they have hypertension following a routine blood pressure check. A blood pressure reading will display numbers representing two different types of blood pressure: systolic and diastolic.
- Systolic: This number appears at the top. It represents the maximum pressure the heart exerts when beating.
- Diastolic: This number appears at the bottom. It represents the amount of pressure in the arteries between heartbeats.
- Normal: Systolic is below 120 and diastolic is below 80.
- Elevated: Systolic is 120–129 and diastolic is below 80.
- Hypertension stage 1: Systolic is 130–139 or diastolic is 80–89.
- Hypertension stage 2: Systolic is 140 or higher, or diastolic is 90 or higher.
- Hypertensive crisis: Systolic is higher than 180 or diastolic is above 120.
Identifying diabetesAccording to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), not everyone with diabetes will experience symptoms of the disease. If symptoms of high blood glucose levels do appear, they may include:
- excessive thirst
- excessive hunger
- frequent need to urinate
- extreme fatigue
- blurred vision
- delayed wound healing
- urinary tract infections (UTIs)
- upper respiratory tract infections
- Normal: This is less than 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl).
- Prediabetes: This is between 100–125 mg/dl.
- Diabetes: This is a reading of 126 mg/dl or above.
What is the link between diabetes and hypertension?A 2021 articleTrusted Source notes that diabetes and hypertension often occur together and may share some common causes. These include:
- sedentary lifestyle with excessive calorie intake
- oxidative stress
- insulin resistance