The ONE organ responsible for high blood pressure.
The Ultimate Medications for High Blood Pressure
What is the main cause of high blood pressure? What causes high blood pressure? High blood pressure usually develops over time. It can happen because of unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as not getting enough regular physical activity. Certain health conditions, such as diabetes and obesity, can also increase the risk of developing high blood pressure. Blood pressure measurements fall into several categories:
- Normal blood pressure. Your blood pressure is normal if it is below 120/80 mm Hg.
- Elevated blood pressure. Elevated blood pressure is a systolic pressure between 120 and 129 mm Hg and a diastolic pressure below (not above) 80 mm Hg. Elevated blood pressure tends to worsen over time unless steps are taken to control it. Elevated blood pressure may also be called pre-hypertension.
- Stage 1 hypertension. Stage 1 hypertension is a systolic pressure of 130 to 139 mm Hg or a diastolic pressure of 80 to 89 mm Hg.
- Stage 2 hypertension. More severe hypertension, stage 2 hypertension is a systolic pressure of 140 mm Hg or higher or a diastolic pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher.
- Hypertensive crisis. A blood pressure measurement higher than 180/120 mm Hg is a crisis situation that requires urgent medical attention. If you get such a result when measuring your blood pressure at home, wait five minutes and repeat the test.
- The angiotensin II receptor blocker valsartan (Diovan) at the forefront of drugs for high blood pressure,
- beta-blocker metoprolol,
- a generic combination of valsartan and HCTZ,
- olmesartan (Benicar), and
- olmesartan and HCTZ (Benicar HCT).
- ACE inhibitor lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril) is at the top of the list,
- followed by amlodipine besylate (Norvasc),
- a calcium channel blocker, and
- generic hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ).
- ACE inhibitors
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers
- Calcium channel blockers
- Alpha-2 receptor agonist
- Central agonists
- Peripheral adrenergic inhibitors